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What are the Four Concepts of Health?

Definition of Health.

According to the World Health Organization (WHO), health is a complete state of physical, mental and social well being and not merely absence of disease (In 1948). Health is promote wellness and healthful activities such as regular physical exercise and adequate intake of sleep. The good health can reducing unhealthy activities like smoking, alcoholism etc.

In 1986, the World Health Organization made further clarifications.

“A resource for everyday life, not the objecting of living. Health is a positive concept emphasizing social and personal resources, as well as physical capabilities”.

Concept of health.

Concept of health means ” absence of disease”.

Health is a common theme in most cultures, all communities have their concept of health, as a part of their culture, oldest definition of health in all communities is “absence of disease”.

Types of concepts of health.

Four Concepts of Health

There are four types of concepts of health.

  1. Biomedical concept
  2. Ecological concept
  3. Psychosocial concept
  4. Holistic concept.

1. Biomedical concept.

If someone is free from disease, then that person considered as healthy. Traditionally health has been considered as an absence of the diseases.

This concept is known as biomedical concept and its based on the “Germ theory of disease”.

2. Ecological concept.

Biomedical concept gave rise to the other concepts in deficiency.

Ecologists showed that health is a dynamic equilibrium between man and environment and the disease as a mal-adjustment of the human organism to environment.

3. Psychosocial concept.

Advances is social sciences viewed that health is not only biomedical phenomenon, but one which is influenced by social, psychological, cultural, economic and political factors of the people concerned.

4. Holistic concept.

Holistic concept recognizes the strength of social, economic, political, cultural and environmental influences on health

It has been variously described as multidimensional process involving the well being of the person as a whole.

Types of health.

Health is include so many types. But we discuss only two different types which is mainly important for maintaining health.

  1. Physical health
  2. Mental health

1. Physical health.

Physical health is “a person who has physically good like well bodily functions and processes working good”.

To maintain the physical health you need proper exercise, balanced diet and rest & sleep. The exercise is promote to the bodies movement ability and muscle contraction and muscle relaxation. Exercise can help digestive system. It can helps to reduce fear and anxiety. Bodies acidity we can control through the physical exercise.

Nutritionist food provide the protein, vitamin and mineral. Which is important to maintain our physical health.

Rest & sleep is a other part to promote physical health. Proper rest & sleep must need a physical healthy person.

To achieve the physical health-

  • We have to do proper exercise.
  • Reduce the intake of smoking and drinking.
  • Reduce bad habits.
  • Using condom when having sex.

2. Mental health.

Mental health is important as well as physical health to a full, active lifestyle. It means an individual emotions, spiritual and social well being.

Mental health and physical health is interrelated because when a person is physically disturb then the person automatically mentally gets disturb. The mental function and physical state effect each other. Body provide energy and mind provide understanding.


  • Physical chronic illness causes depression.
  • High Blood Pressure causes mental excitement.
  • Survivor pain causes reduce concentration.

Mental Health is depends on an individual abilities,

  • Enjoy life
  • Feel safe and secure
  • Positive feeling
  • Taking nutrients food etc.

Maintenance of health.

  1. Diet
  2. Exercise
  3. Rest and sleep
  4. Education

1. Diet.

Diet is an essential component of achieving and maintaining health. Healthy diet provides nutrients to the body. Nutrients are provide energy to the body. The macronutrients and micronutrients are two types of nutrients. Macronutrients is large quantities which is provide carbohydrate, fats and fatty acids. Micronutrients is small quantities which is provide vitamin and mineral. Water is essential component of our body. Water is required for to regulate our metabolic process. Nutrient rich foods like cereals, green vegetables etc.

2. Exercise.

Exercise is important essential component of maintaining health. It is depends overall physical fitness. The exercise can help to freely movements of our body. For normal blood pressure maintenance exercise is most important. Exercise can help cardiovascular system. To stay physical health exercise is very important. Physical exercise can reduce high risks of heart disease, cancer, high blood pressure, obesity, depression and anxiety.

3. Rest and sleep.

Rest and sleep is another essential component of maintaining health. If an individual sleep less than six those person automatically gets mentally disturbed. Sleeping is very important of a healthy person. every individual needs 6-8 hours sleep per day.

4. Education.

Education is very common things of management of health. Through the education we can stay physical health as well as mental health. Bodies overall condition we can understand through the education and can take treatment of good health. Education can measure bodies condition, temperature fear and anxiety.

Factors for good health.

  1. Genetic factor
  2. Environment factor
  3. Socioeconomic status.

1. Genetic factor.

A person is born with a variety of genes. Gene is transferred one generation to other generation. In some individuals, an unusual genetic pattern or change can lead to a less than optimum level of health. Old generation having good physical health, 70% chance of new generation health is good.

2. Environment factor.

Physical health mostly depends on environmental factor. Environment involve with weather, climate. When weather is change in that time physical health affect. Some time climate is dry then skin diseases increase.

3. Socioeconomic status.

Socioeconomic status is very important to maintain health. In the development countries having good socioeconomic status. The development countries people can buy good nutrients food. Good socioeconomic status individual can take better treatment.

Importance of health.

Health is a complete state of physical, mental, social and spiritual well-being and not merely absence of the disease. The health is a centre point of life. A healthy person always feel awesome. Healthy mind set person always choose well, working good. A healthy student always to do hard study which is unhealthy student not. That’s why health is very important of our life.

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