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Types of Edema and Causes of Edema.

Definition of edema.

Edema is an abnormal accumulation of fluid which is located beneath the skin. It is occurs when the fluid takes from the small blood vessels and the fluid goes to the nearby tissues.

It is mostly found in the legs, ankles and feet. Sometime edema is show in the other parts of the body like hands, arms etc.

The edema mostly occurs in older people and pregnant women, but anyone can experience it.


The common symptoms of edema are as follows-

  • swelling
  • Tightness
  • Pain
  • Weight gain and loss
  • And shiny skin.

Causes of edema.

There are many different types and causes of edema as follows-

  1. Heart failure
  2. Kidney disease
  3. Thyroid disorders
  4. Liver issues like cirrhosis
  5. Blood clots
  6. Infections.

Enlist types of edema.

There are many types of edema. The types including-

  1. Peripheral edema
  2. Pulmonary edema
  3. Cerebral edema
  4. Muscular edema
  • Pitting edema
  • Periorbital edema.

Enlist nursing responsibilities for generalized edema.

Nursing responsibilities are as follows-

  • Monitor degree of edema at the most dependent parts of the body.
  • Assess breath sound.
  • Check BP & temperature.
  • Measure intake and output at regular intervals.
  • Assess the degree of pitting edema.
  • Provide comfortable position.
  • Check the vital.
  • Provide medication time to time.
  • Assess the degree of edema.

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